Read each statement below carefully and fill in the blank(s) with the best answer.
fill in the blank
۱٫ The man claimed that many problems of the company can be …… traced to unfavorable job conditions.
۲٫ At the end of trial, Mr.Smith was found ….. .
۳٫ The teacher entered the classroom while the students were …. trying to finish their assignments.
۴٫ Scientists continue to develop ….. methods which will improve the quality of drinking water.
۵٫ In this part of the country, a fourth of the population is …… in the oil drilling industry.
۶٫ The internet has …… changed the way people communicate with one another.
۷٫ Knowledge and skill are two factors that significantly ….. the success in business.
۸٫ Every region’s culture is quite …… from the culture of the rest of the country.
۹٫ Octopuses have a relatively short life span, and some …. live for only six months.
۱۰٫ Scientists believe that the new vaccine may ….. a safer way to treat malaria.
۱۱٫ The man finally ….. hitting his neighbor with a ball.
۱۲٫ A few days ago, I …. a very rare DVD while I was looking for a birthday gift for my brother.
۱۳٫ Unless you have the permit card for examination, you will not be …… to take the exam.
۱۴٫ You can receive a …… from the bank if you are willing to buy a house.
۱۵٫ The automobile industry continues to be an important …… of employment and transportation for millions of people worldwide.
۱۶٫ Regardless of the …… of his action,John had an argument with the manager about the working hours.
۱۷٫ We had …… with the waiter about the bill since it was higher than we had expected.
۱۸٫ It is a simple fact that most injuries happen because someone has been ….. .
۱۹٫ Uranus is a planet in the solar system which is seventh in order of …….. from the sun.
۲۰٫ The manager’s attitude toward us has lately become …… so I think we should talk to him.
۲۱٫ One of the President’s greatest ….. was to decrease the unemployment rate.
۲۲٫ Are you aware of the fact that cigarette smoking has many ….. effects?
۲۳٫ Tehran is home to a ……. of national museums and official buildings.
۲۴٫ Medical research has ….. considerably in the last several years.
۲۵٫ Working in this department may seem very demanding from outside but you will see it is not so if you simply follow some ….. .
Section Two: Structure Part One
Choose the one which best completes the following sentences.
۲۶٫ If global warming causes the ocean level to rise, …….. world will suffer.
۲)that part of
۲۷٫ John was not paying attention to the road when he …… into a hole in the ground.
۲۸٫ The car had been damaged to such an extent that the mechanic said it wouldn’t be worth ……. .
۲۹٫ Since John lives in Mexico and speaks no Spanish, I wonder …….. he manages to do his shopping.
۳۰٫ I wish I …… Jim that he had not been chosen for the baseball team.
۱)haven’t been telling
۲)don’t have o tell
۳)didn’t have to tell
۴)won’t be telling
۳۱٫ Walking aimlessly, Jim found ……. in the neighborhood that his mother had warned him not to go into.
۳۲٫ The beginning of heavy rain ……. any day now; therefore, for the last few days, the farmers have been preparing their fields.
۳۳٫ My teacher gave me two English books which he thought I would be able to read, but, in fact, ……. was suitable for my level.
۳۴٫ Both of the job offers are interesting, but the position in Kerman seems to be …… suitable for me.
۳۵٫ You haven’t read the new book that has been so highly praised, ……. ?
۳۶٫ ……… moment I have ever experienced was when I saw my son sitting on the windowsill on the third floor.
۲)The most terrifying
۴)Such a terrifying
۳۷٫ Mary got married when she was ……… 18, and now, at the age of 40, she is a grandmother.
۳۸٫ John failed his exam because he was always out with his friends when he ………… .
۱)should have been studying
۲)used to be studying
۳)must have been studying
۴)could be studying
۳۹٫ Important football matches in Iran , …… Asian Cup Final, can attract TV audiences all over the country.
۴۰٫ Mr.Johnson feels that the world today is not ….. it was during his childhood.
۲)too safe for
۳)so safe that
۴)as safe as
۴۱٫ Fortunately, Jim ….. by construction workers as he was falling , and so they rescued him immediately.
۴۲٫ Some people prefer the security of regular salary, but others …. their own business.
۱)are supposed to start
۲)must have started
۳)will have started
۴)would rather start
۴۳٫ Shiraz has many unique monuments; …… it is one the most beautiful cities in Iran.
۲)in other words
۴۴٫ After a few weeks of struggling with French irregular verbs, Jim realized that he ……… the French class.
۱)would not have chosen
۲)must not choose
۳)could not choose
۴)should not have chosen
۴۵٫ Right now, an important meeting ……… during which the committee is going to decide the future of my project.
۱)has been held
۲)is being held
۴۶٫ The local cinema is losing audience since most people in the town ……. to the bigger cinema outside of town.
۱)ought to go
۲)used to go
۳)would rather go
۴)should be going
۴۷٫ While living in Tehran during the 1980s, Mary was surprised ……… how many languages were spoken there.
۲)to be hearing
۴۸٫ ………. all the eggs in the basked, the farmer went confidently to the market, where he hoped to sell them all.
۲)To be placed
۳)To have been placed
۴۹٫ Before she got that new job, Marry …….. a lot of good books, but now she just doesn’t have the time.
۱)ought to be reading
۲)used to read
۳)had better read
۴)will have read
۵۰٫ Because the traffic was so terrible, by the time we got to the airport, our airline’s check in counter had ……….. closed.
۱ )no more
۵۱٫ You’d better go by car rather the take a taxi ……….. you need to take John home from hospital.
۵۲٫ ………… who is acquainted with Mary knows that they can always rely on her.
۵۳٫ My brother has recovered from the flu, but he is still ………… to play basketball.
۵۴٫ This supermarket seems to be getting crowded. We …….. before the checkout lines start getting too long.
۲)should have hurried
۳)would have arrived
۴)had better hurry
۵۵٫ …………. a draw will be any good to us in this game. We have to win the game, or we’re out of the league cup.
۱)Both a loss and
۲)Neither a loss nor
۳)Either a loss or
۴)Not only a loss but also
Section Two: Structure Part Two
In each of the following sets of sentences, three sentences are grammatically correct and one sentence is not grammatical. Identify the incorrect sentence and mark your answer sheet.
۱)John has not heard from Jim lately.
۲)Students must get to class on time.
۳)It is important to find that letter.
۴)I had finished reading the book yesterday.
۱)We are about to leave the stadium.
۲)Aren’t you going to go with us?
۳)I bought an English book to read it.
۴)I like to travel by train.
۱)Do it yourself.
۲)The work tired Jim.
۳)Where are you from?
۴)My wife is engineer.
۱)John seems happy.
۲)My brother brought me a gift.
۳)The baby was sitting over the floor.
۴)you might hurt yourself.
۱)He has to repair his automobile.
۲)It has been raining since early this morning.
۳)I am agree with his argument.
۴)There are a lot of interesting things to see in Tehran.
۱)My favorite color is black.
۲)At last Mary has returned to school.
۳)I am happy that the news are good.
۴)The final exam is on Monday.
۱)Mary didn’t see the movie.
۲)I have forgotten this
۳)Which road should I take?
۴)It is raining hard last Wednesday.
۱)I took a cold yesterday.
۲)I think I’ve lost my car key.
۳)It is easy for me to get up early.
۴)They expect to see me tomorrow.
۱)You can download a lot of good software for free.
۲)I enjoyed from every word of what your father had said
۳)Fresh air is necessary to good health.
۴)Your final grade is partly based on your exam.
۱)you’re angry with me.
۲)I am very happy because of your happiness.
۳)What is it that you are afraid of?
۴)John behaves in friendly manner.
Section Three: Reading Comprehension
Direction: Read the passages and choose the one best answer, (1), (2),(3) or (4), for each question.
More people get hurt snowboarding than any other outdoor activity, accounting for a quarter of emergency room visits. According to researchers, following snowboarding,sledding and hiking are major causes of injuries. The most common problems were broken bones and sprains, accounting for half of all cases.
The researcher Greenspan said : “We want people to participate in outdoor activities. But we want people to recognize that there is cause for concern, and people can and do get injured.” She further said that injuries can be avoided through planning and preparation, making sure your fitness level and skills match the activity and using proper equipment.
Greenspan also mentioned that the study is the first to look at injuries from all activities, instead of individual sports or geographic areas. The researchers looked at data on juries from outdoor activities treated at 63 hospitals in 2004 and 2005. They calculated that almost 213000 people were treated yearly for such injuries nationwide. About half of those injured are young between ages 10 ans 24 , and half of the injuries are caused by falls.
Males are injured at twice the rate of females but, the research did not look at the reasons. The reasons could be that males are more risky, or it could be that males participate more in outdoor activities than females , or a combination of both. Nearly 26 percent of the injures were from snowboarding followed by sledding (11 percent), hiking (6 percent), water skiing (4 percent), fishing (3 percent) , and swimming (2 percent).
۶۶٫ what percentage of all injuries resulted in a broken bone or a sprain?
۳)almost one third
۶۷٫ Do men or women get hurt more?
۱)They get hurt about the same.
۲)Men get hurt twice as much as women.
۳)Men get hurt slightly more that women.
۴)women participate more in outdoor activities.
۶۸٫ What activity is the third biggest cause of injuries?
۶۹٫ According to Greenspan, how can injuries be avoided?
۱)By going to a hospital
۲)By planning and preparation
۳)By avoiding outdoor activities
۴)By avoiding falls
۷۰٫ What percentage of emergency room visits are the result of outdoor activity injuries?
Theories about how brain works remain a topic of debate. it is agreed , however, that the hippocampus, a part of the brain, is undeniably important for memory. When we experience something, the information is sent via our senses to the hippocampus, where it is processed. Scientists believe that brain cells, called neurons, first transform the sensory stimuli we experience into images in our immediate memory. Then , these images are sent to the hippocampus and stored temporarily in short term memory. In the hippocampus information is organizes, and it is during this process that parts of the image of our experience fade away.
Finally certain information is then transferred to long term memory in a section in the frontal area of the brain , known as the cerebral cortex. Scientists think this process may happen while we are sleeping, but exactly how the information is transferred from one area of the brain to another is a mystery.
۷۱٫ What is the best title for the passage?
۱)How Brain Works
۲)Structure of Long Term Memory
۳)Storage of Data
۴)Transfer of Information
۷۲٫ This reading is mainly concerned with …………… .
۱)How to improve our memory
۲)illness that result in severe memory loss
۳)the importance of neurons in transferring sensory stimuli
۴)how human brain processes and store information
۷۳٫ According to the passage, scientists ………….. .
۱)still debate whether the hippocampus is important for memory
۲)don’t know exactly how the information is transferred from one area of the barain to another
۳)have found out why some of the information is lost in the hippocampus
۴)know that information is sent from the long term memory to the hippocampus
۷۴٫ It is pointed out in the passage that ……………… .
۱)the brain was not considered as a highly complex organ in the past
۲)damage to hippocampus does not cause memory loss
۳)scientists agree that hippocampus is important in processing information
۴)hippocampus is in the frontal area of the brain
۷۵٫ In line 9, “fade away” is closest in meaning to ……. .
First language, also known as mother tongue, is generally the language a person learns first. However one can have two or more native languages thus being a native bilingual or indeed multilingual. The order in which these languages are learned is not necessarily the order of proficiency. Lacking in first language skill often makes learning other languages difficult. Often a child learns the basics of his or her first language or languages from his or her family. The term mother tongue, however , should not be interpreted to mean that it is the language of one’s mother. For instance, in some paternal societies, the wife moves in with the husband and thus may have a different first language than the local language of the husband. Yet their children usually only speak their local language.
۷۶٫ According to the passage, first language skills ………….. .
۱)are not transferable to the second language
۲)can also have negative effects on foreign language learning
۳)take a very long time to develop
۴)play an important role in learning a new language
۷۷٫ we understand from the passage that …………… .
۱)one’s mother tongue might not be the language of the parents
۲)most bilinguals don’t have a dominant language
۳)the learning of a firs language is the most complex skill
۴)most children have learning difficulties in learning their first language
۷۸٫ One can infer from the passage that ………….. .
۱)bilinguals use their two language for different purposes
۲)children cannot be a native speaker of more than two languages
۳)it is possible for a bilingual to become more competent in his second language
۴)very few children throughout the world learn to speak two languages
۷۹٫ In line 6, “basics” is closest in meaning to …………. .
۸۰٫ In line 10, “Yet” is closest in meaning to ……….. .
People seldom feel neutral about poetry. Those who love it sometimes give the impression that it is an adequate substitute for food,shelter,and love. But it isn’t. Those who dislike poetry sometimes claim, on the other hand, that poetry is only words and good for nothing. That is not true either. When words represent and recreate genuine human feelings,as they often do in poetry, they can be very important.poems provide,in fact, a language for feeling, and one of poetry’s merits involves its attempt to express the inexpressible. One of the joys of experiencing poetry occurs when we read a poem and want to say, “I know exactly what that line means, but I have never been able to express it so well.”poetry can be the voice of our feelings even when our minds are speechless with grief or joy.
۸۱٫ One can understand from the passage that people ………… .
۱)seldom feel that poetry is an equivalent for life itself
۲)generally think of poetry as extremely important or totally useless
۳)rarely take a biased opinion about poetry
۴)generally think that poetry expresses what might seem inexpressible
۸۲٫ One point made by the author in the passage is that poetry …….. .
۱)tends to make the reader disappointed
۲)is an adequate substitute for food, shelter, and love
۳)often captures real human feelings
۴)is impossible to be defined
۸۳٫ The author points out in the passage that …………… .
۱)poems are primarily about how people think rather than how people feel
۲)poetry tries to expression of one’s deepest feelings
۴)few people think that poetry is neutral
۸۴٫ in line 5, “genuine” is closest in meaning to ………. .
۸۵٫ in line 11, “grief” is closest in meaning to …………… .
Section Four: Cloze Passage
Desert is a special region where only certain kinds of plants and animals can survive. All deserts have very little … (86).. . this means that only animals and plants that can .. (87)… without water for long .. (88).. of time can exist in the desert.
Plants in the deserts are ..(89).. adapted to the dry and hot environment. One ..(90).. desert plant is the cactus. Like many desert plants, this plant has very ..(91).. . As plants lose most of their water …(92)… their leaves, the small leaves of the cactus help to …(93)… water evaporation. There are other desert plants that do not have leaves …(94)… .
Some desert plants survive …(95)… avoiding the try season altogether . …(96)… the dry season, this plant remains as a seed and does not …(97)… from the soil at all. When the rains come, this seed would grow very quickly into …(98)… . it would bloom rapidly …(99)… scatter its seeds before the dry season … (100)… .