Read each statement below carefully and fill in the blank(s) with the best answer.
۱٫ The concept of sending electronic text message between parties ……… the creation of the Internet.
۲٫ Some people behave inconsiderately and violate traffic rules without caring for the ……. of their actions.
۳٫ As there was enough evidence that the man ……….. the store, he was sentenced to was years in prison.
۴٫ Due to its cold climate, ……. little farming occurs in Sweden.
۵٫ To a great extent, the medical research projects of this hospital are ……. by donations.
۶٫ The doctor could not tell the patient with any …… what the outcome of the operation will be.
۷٫ Dr. Tehrani had become ………. to scenes of human distress after many years as a doctor.
۸٫ After the meeting the staff went back to their ………… offices.
۹٫ The reviewers loved Mr. Johnsen’s first book, but all his other books have been …………. criticized by them.
۱۰٫ Researchers warned that the ……… bird flu could hit the country again.
۱۱٫ The manager scolded the new employee so fiercely that she ………. in tears, leaving the room in a hurry.
۱۲٫ Ali Hatami was a ……….. gifted artist who made vital contributions to the Iranian film making industry.
۱۳٫ Tehran is a ……. city with the highest median income of any major city in Iran.
۱۴٫ Due to his …….. adherence to the rules, that manager wasn’t liked by the staff.
۱۵٫ Every country has a duty to protect its citizens from …….. enemies.
۱۶٫ Babol, …….. known as Barfroosh, is located in the northern part of Iran.
۱۷٫ As an international organization, Interpol ……… the police forces of different countries to help one another to solve crimes.
۱۸٫ If a volcano is active, it means that it may ………… at any time.
۱۹٫ The newspaper reports that the team made heroic efforts to ………. the crew of the sinking ship.
۲۰٫ A dog has an extremely ……….. sense of small.
۲۱٫ At least 2,000 domestic and international flights were ……… by the storm.
۲۲٫ People have to pay a certain ………. of fee to access the Internet.
۲۳٫ The Bosporus is a strait forms the ……….. between the European and Asian parts of Turkey.
۲۴٫ Uranium, named after the planet Uranus, is a radioactive metal used ……. in producing nuclear energy.
۲۵٫ Stone Age is the period in human history characterized by the use of stone as the ……… raw material for tools.
Section Two:Structure Part One
Choose the one which best completes the following sentences.
۲۶٫ Mary closed her notebook, got up from her desk, and ………… the room.
۴)she had left
۲۷٫ I wish John ………. me how the film ends. He has spoiled it for me.
۳)had not been told
۴)won’t be telling
۲۸٫ If I knew you were busy on Wednesday, I ……. another day for the meeting.
۱)must have chosen
۳)would have chosen
۲۹٫ Most serious students study hard to get themselves ……. to a university.
۳۰٫ IT is believed that the Vikings ……. America about 500 years before Columbus’ arrival there in 1492.
۴)could have reached
۳۱٫ A new shopping mall ………. where our football team used to play.
۳)is to be built
۴)was to build
۳۲٫ since Jim had received a much …….. grade in geography class than his sister Mary, he felt extremely jealous of her.
۳۳٫ The new employee said he wasn’t interested in going to Shiraz because he had ……… been there.
۳۴٫ Ferdinand Magellan was the first European who sailed through the strait that ……. ever since then as the Strait of Magellan.
۱)has been known
۲)used to be known
۳۵٫ Mary ………. a vegetarian three years ago after watching a documentary on television.
۳۶٫ My friend was selling his old laptop at a very low price; I ……… it if I had not been completely broke at the time.
۱)had to buy
۲)must have bought
۳)would have bought
۳۷٫ Bill is a man ……….. stories about himself are so incredible that not many people believe them.
۳۸٫ ………… how hard he tries, Jim’s mother pushes him to study harder.
۴)In spite of
۳۹٫ The president of our company cannot decide how to deal with the crisis, and ……… his advisors.
۴۰٫ There will be severe climate change …….. people don’t recognize the dangers of global warming.
۴۱٫ John, I’ve never met …….. as kind as you are.
۴۲٫ Mary failed the final exam ……. studying very hard
۳)in spite of
۴۳٫ No sooner had I left the shop ………. I remembered that I’d left my credit card there.
۴۴٫ Never ……… so happy in his life.
۱)had John felt
۲)John was feeling
۴)John had a feeling
۴۵٫ Many biologists and environmental activists argue that too many whales ……….. every year.
۳)will be killing
۴)are being killed
۴۶٫ …………… a disappointing speech the speaker made last night
۴۷٫ There are certain books that every person ……… by the time he or she has graduated from university.
۱)should be read
۲)should be reading
۳)should have read
۴)should have been reading
۴۸٫ Down syndrome, ……. by an additional chromosome , usually results in mental impairment.
۴۹٫ On the Richer scale, the size of an earthquake is measured by ………. energy is released.
۵۰٫ …………. we get to the airport, the more time we will have for shopping before take-off.
۵۱٫ Mr. Irani moved to Rasht in 2004, and he ……….. there ever since.
۴)has been living
۵۲٫ Jim said he ………… a teacher with a satisfying career that trapped in an administrative job.
۱)would rather be
۲)might have been
۳)would have been
۴)must have been
۵۳٫ I had the mechanic ………. my car yesterday.
۵۴٫ Jim hasn’t worked since he had a serious accident, …………. ?
۵۵٫ I was delighted ………. a former colleague at the conference.
۳)to have been met
۴)that have met
Section Two:Structure Part Two
In each of the following sets of sentences, three sentences are grammatically correct and one sentence is not grammatical. Identify the incorrect sentence and mark your answer sheet.
۱)The little boy is trying to climb that tall tree.
۲)I was not able to see the manager either
۳)He learned us how to play basketball.
۴)How long have you been working in this company?
۱)I am glad that the news are good.
۲)John said he might be late.
۳)she thought she could finish the report tonight.
۴)Which month comes before April?
۱)The office of the manager is not on the second floor.
۲)John’s father would not allow him reading that book.
۳)John and Jim are both good students.
۴)Mr.Smile has a strong foreign accent.
۱)Mary felt very well yesterday, but today she feels sick again.
۲)shouldn’t Maryam spend more time on her English?
۳)John whom I know him very well is a famous basketball player.
۴)you are not the only person who feels that way about Jim.
۱)Mary speaks French much better than she speaks Italian.
۲)I was talking with Mr.Jonson when I saw Jim in the hall.
۳)The teacher told our class that he was satisfied with our work.
۴)The gold is a precious metal.
۱)Doesn’t John resemble to his grandfather?
۲)John has been teaching English ever since he graduated from college.
۳)I was sure that I had seen the man before.
۴)It is difficult to say which one of you is correct.
۱)There are several people waiting to see Dr.Irani.
۲)Can you bring a better example?
۳)John and Jim have stopped talking to each other.
۴)It is easy to criticize the work of others.
۱)can you tell me how I can reach Milad Tower?
۲)Mary said that she will come tomorrow.
۳)John wants to go to the library, and Jim does too.
۴)Go sit down and rest for a while.
۱) I am sorry to have made such a terrible mistake.
۲)I have read the three first chapters of the history book.
۳)It must have rained during the night.
۴)The meeting cannot be help in that room.
۱)The professor was standing just besides me.
۲)Maryam does not understand her English teacher when she speaks fast.
۳)I s this the book which you need?
۴)Never have I seen my father so upset.
section Three:Reading Comprehension
Direction: Read the passages and choose the one best answer, (1), (2),(3) or (4), for each question.
The Bermuda Triangle occupies a disturbing and almost unbelievable place in the world’s catalog of unexplained mysteries. More than a hundred planes and ships have vanished in this area into the air since 1945, and more than a thousand lives have been lost, without a single body or even a piece of wreckage from the vanishing planes or ships having been found. Many of the planes concerned have vanished while in normal radio contact with their base until the very moment of their disappearance, while others have radioed the most extraordinary messages, implying that they could not get their instruments to function, that their compasses were spinning , that the sky had turned yellow and hazy on a clear day, and the ocean, which was calm nearby, didn’t look right without further clarification of what was wrong.
۶۶٫ One can infer from the reading that …….. .
۱)the wreckages of some ships and planes have been found in the Bermuda Triangle
۲)the number of incidents involving lost ships is no larger than that of any other heavily traveled region of the world
۳)the ships and the planes couldn’t contact with their base due to the lack of equipment.
۴)the first mention of disappearances in the area was made in 1945
۶۷٫ It is pointed out in the passage that ….. .
۱) thousands of people lost their lives in the Bermuda Triangle in 1945
۲) all of the disappearances happened during the day time
۳) the Bermuda Triangle mystery was solved in 1945
۴) most of the missing planes could contact with their base by their own special means until the very moment of disappearing
۶۸٫ The reading mainly deals with ….. .
۱) why so many ships and planes disappear in the Bermuda Triangle
۲) the mysterious disappearance of ships and planes in the Bermuda Triangle
۳) the location of the Bermuda Triangle
۴) the frequency of the disappearances in the Bermuda Triangle
Many people with high IQ scores fail to become successful due to lack of motivation, laziness, or short attention span. In contrast, some people with low IQ succeed with greater personal dedication, systematic effort, and motivation. One can eliminate the disadvantage that comes with a low IQ score by choosing the right career path. For example, one might have special talents for a particular sport while failing to perform as well as the others academically. This can be justified with greater motivation and dedication. Individuals will have greater motivation in pursuing careers they are skilled at. They will like it more and put more effort in it. One of the best ways parents can help is to help their children discover themselves and their skills.
۷۱٫ Some very intelligent people can have failures because …..
۱) they have short life span
۲) they focus on details too much
۳) of various factors
۴) they are expected to do so by the society
۷۲٫ People with low IQ scores may very well be successful …..
۱) but they lack motivation and personality
۲) as they are praised by their teachers
۳) since they devote themselves to their tasks and perform a great effort
۴) although they have great abilities and intelligence
۷۳٫ We can infer from the passage that …..
۱) success is not always indicator of intelligence
۲) Western cultures focus on ability as the major determinant of success
۳) an athlete can be successful in every sports if he has high IQ scores
۴) infants adopted by privileged families tend to have high IQs.
Fictional stories about people who have extraordinary abilities have always attracted people’s attention . One of them is the story of Vera Petrova , who is able to perceive things with different parts of her skin, and through solid walls. one day she come into her father’s office and puts her hands on the door of a locked safe. Suddenly she asks her father why he keeps so many old newspapers locked away there. Vera’s curious talent is brought to the notice of a scientific research institute and she is given a series of tests by a special commission.During these tests, she manages to read a newspaper through an opaque screen and then she describes the figures and colors of a picture hidden under a carpet.During all these tests Vera is blindfolded; and , indeed, except when blindfolded she lacks the ability to perceive things with her skin. It was also found that although she could perceive things with her fingers, this ability ceased the moment her hands were wet.
۷۶٫ As we understand from the reading, Vera Petrova ………… .
۱)can only perceive things with her fingers
۲)is a curious child
۳)is not the only fictional character who has extraordinary abilities
۴)fails most of the tests administered by a special commission
۷۷٫ It is pointed out in the reading that Vera Petrova loses the ability to perceive objects with her fingers …………. .
۱)when her father first notices this ability
۲)when she is asked to read a newspaper through an opaque screen
۳)after she is given a series of tests
۴)as soon as her hands get wet
۷۸٫ According to the reading, …………………….. .
۱)Vera Petrova’s father asks her why she keeps the old newspapers in the locked safe
۲)the scientific research institute is not interested in Vera Petrova’s talent
۳)Vera can’t perceive objects with her skin unless she is blindfold
۴)there are several scientific research institutes which examine people like Vera
Naval architects never claim that a ship is unsinkable, but the sinking of the passenger – and – car ferry Estonia in the Baltic surely should have never have happened. It was well designed and carefully maintained. It carried the proper number of lifeboats. It had been thoroughly inspected the day of its fatal voyage. Yet hours later, the Estonia rolled over and sank in a cold, stormy night. It went down so quickly that most of those on board caught in their dark, flooding cabins, had no chance to save themselves; Of those who managed to scramble overboard, only 139 survived. The rest died of hypothermia before the rescuers could pluck them from the cold sea. The final death toll amounted to 912 souls. However, there were an unpleasant number of life, while most of the dead were women , children and the elderly.
۸۱٫ One can understand from the reading that ……………….. .
۱)the lifesaving equipment did not work well and lifeboats could not be lowered
۲)design faults and incompetent crew contributed to the sinking of the Estonia ferry
۳)۱۳۹ people managed to leave the vessel but died in freezing water
۴)most victims were trapped inside the boat as they were in their cabins
۸۲٫ It is clear from the passage that the survivors of the accident ……………………. .
۱)helped one another to overcome the tragedy that had affected them all
۲)were mostly young men but women, children and the elderly stood little chance
۳)helped save hundreds of lives
۴)are still suffering from severe post-traumatic stress disorder
۸۳٫ According to the passage, when the Estonia sank, …………….. .
۱)there were only 139 passengers on board
۲)few of the passengers were asleep
۳)there were enough lifeboats for the number of people on board
۴)faster reaction by the crew could have increased the Estonia’s chances of survival
Section Four: Cloze Passage
Direction: Words or phrases are omitted from the following passage , and they are numbered 86 to 100. With reference to the numbers in the passage choose (1), (2), (3), or (4) that best completes each blank.
Fitness experts are now telling us that cycling is one of the best forms of exercise.As …(86)… as making you stronger and … (87)… energetic, cycling also helps to improve your breathing you stronger and … (88)… correct breathing help your lungs develop …(89)… it is also good for your general well-being. But for cycling to have the right ….(90)… on the body, you should cycle as often as you can, …(91)… the more you practice, the better the results … (92)…. .
For people who are not …(93)… doing exercise, cycling is a great start.it also has other advantages. Because it is an outdoor sport, it allows you …(94)… time in the open air , and the idea of being able to escape from the noise and traffic of the city is very …(95)… to many people. In countries like Germany and Holland, where cycling is extremely …(96)…, special cycling lanes are often built along the side of the road. This not only gives the cyclist more …(97)… but it also prevents accidents, which are often caused by …(98)… drivers, who can’t wait to overtake A slow … (99)… More and more people are taking cycling in other countries too; ..(100).. there are no special cycling lanes.